Turkmenbashi International Seaport located in the eastern part of the Caspian Sea. The port has important geopolitical significance in Eurasia. Being on the Europe-Caucasus-Asia trade route (TRACECA), it is able to receive ships throughout the year, carrying out loading and unloading operations around the clock. The Turkmenbashi International Seaport is a “sea gate” connecting the Central Asia and Europe by sea, road and rail routes and serves as the largest transit hub of the region. Foreign cargo ships moored at this port before continuing sailing to Azerbaijan and Astrakhan. It is the largest seaport in Turkmenistan. Located in the city of Turkmenbashi.
The port was founded in October 1896 on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea. In order to consolidate and streamline the transportation of goods and passengers, on January 1, 1903, the Merchant Seaport Authority was formed. Cargo traffic has been increasing over the years, so the idea of building a ferry has arisen. Since 1959, the construction of the ferry began on the port territory. In 1962, the ferry service began to take regular flights on the Krasnovodsk-Baku line. Ferry transportation has significantly accelerated the delivery of goods.
In 2000-2003, a large-scale reconstruction of the port was made. The old ones were reconstructed and new moorings for ships were built, as well as warehouses and a number of other objects, and modern equipment was acquired. This made it possible to provide port services at a higher level.
In 2011 it was announced that the port of Turkmenbashi will be completely reconstructed. The project provides for the reconstruction of terminals, the dismantling of old and the construction of new piers.
In 2013, the port built the passenger catamaran Charlak, it was the first shipbuilding project of a similar level in the history of the port.
Considering the convenient geo-economic location of Turkmenistan, according to the “Main program of improving Turkmenbashi International Seaport and Turkmen Trade Fleet by 2020”, the President’s Resolution on 29 may 2014, the Turkmenbashi International Sea Port envisaged as one of the main sections of the Great Silk Ways.
In 2014, the marine passenger station was opened.
In 2018, the new international sea port of Turkmenbashi was opened.